Rudi Haryono

As I have studied about ICT in Learning, I found it is very useful concept in improving the students’ interests and skill in learning. Pak Hartoyo has motivated me to use CALL concept in learning and to use all of ICT tools in teaching learning process. Teaching does not only merely use on the printed-paper sources, but it can be in the more extent way, using computer.
The book I refer and read more is “Individual Differences in Computer Assisted- Language Learning (CALL) written by Pak Hartoyo. This book really gives me an adequate knowledge and concept of the CALL in learning. In the first meeting, my group is given task to present about the concept of hypertext.
Thanks to human intellectual development, text from time by time is not solely about “physical sight letter”. A text can show or reveal another text. According to Karen (1988), hypertext means non-sequential reading and writing. A hypertext system allows a user to link information together, thereby creating trails through associated materials. A link connects words or sentences in one electronic document to relate information in another document. In the further explanation, Hartoyo (2005) mentions the term ‘individual differences”. This means that every learner has different skill and capability in accessing and learning CALL concept. Those individual differences are: age, attitudes, motivation, intelligence, language aptitude, previous knowledge, familiarity with computers, interaction with native-speaker of English, and language used for interaction with the community. These aspects subsequently will influence how a learner can learn CALL fast or slowly.
Hartoyo (2005) explains in making CALL concept and application, we are as user should consider some important aspects: interactivity, usability, content appropriateness, effectiveness, and performance.
CALL or Computers Assisted-Language Learning is the term when learners use computers to assist their learning process. As Ahmad,et.al, (1985:4) explains that :
(The computer) is flexible in a number of significant ways,. It often happens that students cannot attend a class because of illness, timetable clashes, and other problems. This presents no difficulty for the computer. Provided a computer is available, the student can come at any time, and spend as long as is needed to gain full benefit from the material. It can accommodate different speeds of learning, or alternatively, limits can be imposed on the time available for answering questions, which is valuable when it is used for testing purpose.

It happens to me that given the sample of CALL media like the interactive English learning CD’s by Pak Hartoyo for speaking and learning vocabulary. In the first use, I feel awkward and weird to use and comprehend the instruction and the move, but after trying many times I can learn from the CD again and again. Also, if we want to be more familiar with CALL concept in learning, we must understand and be able to operate computers first. Having previous experience in computers will ease the use of CALL to run the system smoothly unless they will face difficulty in the term of use it.To sum up, in this digital era, as a teacher we must be able to create such our own CALL system in assisting our language teaching to the students.


Ahmad,K., G. Corbett, M.Rogers, and R Sussex. (1985). Computers, Language Learning and Language Teaching, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Hartoyo (2005).Individual differences in computer-assisted language learning, Semarang: Pelita Insani Publishing


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